In 2014, there were a total of 194,477 casualties of all severities in road accidents reported to the police, a 6% increase on 2013 and the first increase in overall casualties since 1997. There were 1,775 people killed, a 4 per cent increase from 2013 and 22,807 were seriously injured, up 5 per cent. Vehicle traffic levels increased by 2.4 per cent between 2013 and 2014.
Pedestrians accounted for three quarters of the increase in fatalities between 2013 and 2014. Pedestrian fatalities increased by 12 per cent from 398 in 2013 to 446 in 2014
Historically and still currently, car occupants have made up the largest road user group in each casualty severity. This is because cars make up almost 80 per cent of all traffic driven in Great Britain. However, casualty numbers by road user group are not proportionate to the total distance that the user group travels. The vulnerable user groups (usually defined as pedestrians, pedal cyclists and motorcyclist) all account for disproportionately more casualties than would be expected, given the distance travelled. One of the more noticeable discrepancies is for pedal cycles. Although pedal cycles have a similar fatality rate as pedestrians, at around 35 to 38 deaths per billion miles travelled, there is a marked difference between the two groups for overall reported casualties. For casualties of all severities, pedal cyclists have a similar rate to motorcyclists, at over 6,500 casualties per billion passenger miles. The rate for pedestrians is 2,110 casualties per billion miles walked.
In 2014, car occupants accounted for 45 per cent of road deaths, pedestrians 25 per cent, motorcyclists 19 per cent and pedal cyclists 6 per cent.